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What is Science?
Scientific Tools
Living Things
Force & Motion
Marine Life
Life Cycles

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Marine Life
In the “Marine Life” unit, children investigate marine life and the properties of living things. Children explore important topics in biology such as:
  • the differences between living and non-living things
  • habitats and how living things are adapted to their habitats
  • structure and function, or how animal bodies enable them to function and survive.
The classroom inquiry activities for this unit are based on observations of animals in a saltwater aquarium. The Marine Life unit includes 13 inquiry activities and nine books:
    
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Living Things Are Everywhere!
Living Things Are Everywhere! Author: Jayne Smith
Publisher: Abrams Learning Trends
Contact: 1-800-227-9120
Web: www.abramslearningtrends.com
ISBN: 9780766415133 (6-pack)

Living Things Are Everywhere! introduces children to the idea that everything around them can be classified as either living or non-living. Through this concept, children can begin to see that science is part of their everyday lives. The book encourages children to look beyond obvious movement to other properties of living things such as eating, growing, and breathing.

Fish
Fish Author: Stanley L. Swartz
Publisher: Pearson Learning
Contact: 1-800-321-3106
Web: www.pearsonschool.com
ISBN: 1562709976

Fish introduces children to the structural characteristics of fish in addition to their feeding habits, grouping patterns, and survival mechanisms. Vivid photographs of various species of fish in their natural environment communicate the relationship between fish features and behaviors. The photos also illustrate the ability of fish to be successful in their surroundings.

Kelp
Kelp Author: Lloyd Douglas
Publisher: Scholastic (Children's Press)
Contact: 1-800-SCHOLASTIC
Web: www.scholastic.com
ISBN: 0-516-23742-X

This book introduces children to plant-like organisms that live in the ocean. Children learn about how kelp grows, its process, and its arrangement. Kelp is also shown as an integral part of the ocean environment. Finally, the book discusses how humans use kelp for products such as toothpaste and ice cream. The photographic images allow children to better grasp the intricacy of this underwater plant-like organism and compare its structures to plants on land.

What is an Ocean?
What is an Ocean? Author: Monica Hughes
Publisher: Heinemann Read and Learn
Contact: 1-888-844-5329
Web: www.heinemannclassroom.com
ISBN: 1-4034-6283-6

This book introduces children to the features of oceans. Each theme within the book is introduced through a question. Children activate prior knowledge to make a prediction and then test the accuracy of their prediction by reading the text. The book talks about ocean water movement, shorelines, plants and animals that live in the ocean, and how humans use the ocean.

Hughes, M. (2005). What is an Ocean? Chicago, IL: Heinemann Library.

What Lives in a Shell?
What Lives in a Shell? Author: Kathleen W. Zoefeld
Publisher: HarperCollins
Contact: 1-212-207-7000
Web: www.harpercollinschildrens.com
ISBN: 0064451240

This book gives children a basic introduction to what shells are, where they come from, and the living things that inhabit them. Animals discussed range from land snails and turtles to ocean animals such as crabs, whelks, and scallops. The colorful and age-appropriate illustrations are engaging for young readers and assist them in grasping the material presented.

Zoehfeld, K. W. (1994). What Lives in a Shell? NY: HarperCollins Children’s Books.

Fish That Hide
Fish That Hide Author: Stanley L. Swartz
Publisher: Pearson Learning
Contact: 1-800-321-3106
Web: www.pearsonschool.com
ISBN: 0768505224

This book introduces children to a variety of ocean fish whose distinctive features help them either hide from predators or surprise their prey. The extraordinary photographic images allow readers to observe and recognize the unique adaptations displayed among the different fish in their natural environment. The images also magnify the different textures, surfaces, colors and structures within the ocean itself.

What’s It Like to be a Fish?
What’s It Like to be a Fish? Author: Wndy Pfeffer
Publisher: HarperCollins
Contact: 1-212-207-7000
Web: www.harpercollinschildrens.com
ISBN: 0064451518

This book introduces children to the concept of fish and their lives in an underwater world. Emphasis is placed on fish functions and structures that allow fish to endure living in water and how humans are different and specially made for land. Age appropriate illustrations model proper observation and care for pet fish. The anatomical illustrations give a young reader the chance to comprehend vital processes going on within their own bodies and within bodies of other living things.

What Do You Know about Dolphins?
What Do You Know about Dolphins? Author: Harley Chan
Publisher: National Geographic School Publishing, 2001
Contact: 1-888-915-3276
Web: http://ngsp.com
ISBN: 07922-87509

This book introduces children to the characteristics of dolphins, their feeding habits, swimming patterns, and habitats. Each of the book’s themes begins with a question that prompts children to activate prior knowledge as they think/discuss their response. The book includes teaching notes that highlight the literacy and science content of the text.

Chan, H. (2001). What Do You Know about Dolphins? National Geographic.

Fish & Their Babies
Fish & Their Babies Fish & Their Babies introduces concepts that allow children to build upon their previous science knowledge or bridge possible gaps. Children learn about various aspects of fish behavior from laying eggs and being born with an innate sense of “knowing” certain things to fish habitats and the use of camouflage for protection. The photographic images encourage careful observation skills in order to compare and contrast parent and baby fish features.

Swartz, S. L. (2001). Fish & Their Babies. Parsippany, NJ: Domonie Press.

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